An idiom is a phrase, saying or a group of words that has a metaphorical (not literal) meaning, which has become accepted in common usage.
An idiom’s symbolic sense is quite different from the literal meaning or definition of the words of which it is made. There are a large number of Idioms and they are used very commonly in all languages. There are estimated to be at least 25,000 idiomatic expressions in the English language.
Idioms in fact, evolve the language; they are the building blocks of a language and civilization. They also have great intensity to make a language interesting and dynamic. Idioms bring a spectacular illustration to everyday speech. They provide interesting insights into the use of words, languages and the thought processes of their speakers. They have a sense of mystery and fun about them.
So what makes idioms difficult?
The answer is their “meaning”. Idioms are not easy to understand – especially for non-native speakers, because their meanings are usually metaphorical. This characteristic of idioms makes them strange and difficult to understand for English learners.
Top 10 Common Idioms
List of top 10 most common English idioms and phrases, with their meaning and examples for students and teachers. They are also frequently asked in competitive exams. Though the popularity of the idioms may vary from region to region, still the list is rather popular around the globe.
- piece of cake
- Meaning: something that is easy to do.
Example: Making spaghetti Bolognese is a piece of cake.
- a hot potato
- Meaning: a controversial issue or situation that is awkward or unpleasant to deal with.
Example: The subject of bullying and fighting in my school is a hot potato.
- once in a blue moon
- Meaning: very rarely.
Example: I go to visit my grandfather only once in a blue moon; he lives in a remote farm house.
- a bed of roses
- Meaning: easy option.
Example: Taking care of my younger sister is no bed of roses; she is very silly.
- raining cats and dogs
- Meaning: raining very heavily.
Example: I wanted to go to play outside, but it was raining cats and dogs yesterday.
- when pigs fly
- Meaning: something that will never happen or is impossible.
Example: William will keep quiet only when pigs fly.
- devil’s advocate
- Meaning: one who presents a counter argument.
Example: Hey Jack! You’re always playing devil’s advocate! Give it a rest and mind your own business.
- miss the boat
- Meaning: miss the chance.
Example: Peter wanted to enter the drawing competition, but he was too late to enter, and he missed the boat.
- apple of eye
- Meaning: someone very precious or dear.
Example: Every kid in the world is the apple of their parents’ eye(s).
- zip your lip
- Meaning: to stop talking.
Example: I don’t want to hear another sound out of you. Now do as you’re told and zip your lip.
Download this idioms list as PDF file
- end of the day
- end of the day Meaning to look at all the possibilities and then to make a final decision something that is said before the final facts are supplied ... Read on
- never mind
- never mind Meaning to urge somebody not to worry about something when someone gets tired trying to explain something to someone that they believe is not smart enough ... Read on
- fall out
- fall out Meaning to disagree with someone about something the result of an action when someone moves out of line to lose one’s position on something to come ... Read on
- in touch
- in touch Variants keep in touch be in touch stay in touch get in touch Meaning to remain in contact with someone, especially when separated by time or ... Read on
- eager beaver
- eager beaver Meaning someone who is very eager to perform tasks and is always offering to do more a person who does more than what is expected of ... Read on
- View All Idioms
- View the complete list of all idioms we've on our website.
Have you ever head anyone say, "Ugh, that's such a cliché,"? Clichés are terms or phrases that, upon their inception, were striking and thought-provoking.
However, as they started to catch on, people began overusing them, making them seem trite, and turning them into what we now know as clichés.
The French poet Gérard de Nerval said, "The first man who compared a woman to a rose was a poet, the second, an imbecile."
Clichés can be categorized in two ways:
- An overused expression - Something that's said a lot and has become so common, it's no longer even noticed in conversation. Phrases such as “to this day” or “next thing I knew” are clichés. We often say them without noticing we're using a cliché.
- An idea with a different meaning from its literal meaning - The phrases “sweaty palms” or “twinkling eyes” have come to mean more than the fact that your palms are sweaty or your eyes have a twinkle in them. When you say someone has sweaty palms, you're saying they're nervous. Likewise, when you say someone has a twinkle in their eyes, you're saying that person has a special fondness for someone in particular.
Origin of the Word Cliché
The word cliché has French origins. When printing presses were used, the cast iron plate that reproduced the intended words, phrases, or images was called a stereotype. The noise that casting plate made sounded like “cliché” (from clicher, to click), so this onomatopoeia word became printer’s jargon for the stereotype. Thus, cliché came to mean a word or phrase that gets repeated often.
Just because a phrase is overused doesn't mean it isn't true. It simply loses its lustrous appeal through over-usage. We'll let you be the judge of these popular clichés.
Common Cliché Sayings
- All that glitters isn't gold
- Don’t get your knickers in a twist
- All for one, and one for all
- Kiss and make up
- He has his tail between his legs
- And they all lived happily ever after
- Cat got your tongue?
- Read between the lines
- Someone woke up on the wrong side of the bed
- We're not laughing at you we’re laughing with you
Clichés that Describe Time
- Only time will tell
- In the nick of time
- Lost track of time
- Lasted an eternity
- Just a matter of time
- A waste of time
- Rushed for time
- In a jiffy
- The time of my life
- At the speed of light
Clichés that Describe People
- As old as the hills
- Fit as a fiddle
- Without a care in the world
- A diamond in the rough
- Brave as a lion
- Weak as a kitten
- Had nerves of steel
- Ugly as sin
Clichés that Describe Life, Love, and Emotions
- Opposites attract
- Every cloud has a silver lining
- Don’t cry over spilt milk
- The calm before the storm
- Laughter is the best medicine
- Love you more than life itself
- Scared out of my wits
- Frightened to death
- All is fair in love and war
- All’s well that ends well
- Haste makes waste
- The writing's on the wall
- Time heals all wounds
- What goes around comes around
- When life gives you lemons, make lemonade
- Head over heels in love
- Gut-wrenching pain
- Heart-stopping fear
Hidden Meanings in Clichés
We've only scratched the surface here. There are hundreds, if not thousands, of clichés. Many of them have meanings that are obvious; others have meanings that are only clear if you know the context.
For example, the cliché, “any port in a storm" has a hidden meaning. The obvious meaning is that, in a bad situation, anything will do. However, this cliché can also be used when talking about someone who has many lovers. Who knew?
Some clichés can be interpreted differently based on their context. For example, "Do you think I'm made of money?" and "It's like I'm made of money," sound similar, right?
Further context is needed to understand if the speaker is saying this to complain or brag. "Do you think I'm made of money?" implies you don't have any money. "It's like I'm made of money," implies you have tons of money. We'd have to be engaged in conversation with the speaker, or be able to read further, to completely understand the meaning of this line.
Not all clichés are necessarily true either. Some are a matter of interpretation.
- "With experience comes wisdom, and with wisdom comes experience" is not true for everyone's life.
- “It's better to have loved and lost, then to have never loved at all” is a common cliché. But you might disagree with that sentiment.
As we've seen, some clichés are cut and dry like, "He has nerves of steel." Others remain open to interpretation. As time goes on, you may interpret them differently, come to accept or reject their meanings, and perhaps, even create a few clichés of your own.
Clichés and Idioms
Idioms are figurative phrases with an implied meaning; the phrase is not to be taken literally. An example of an idiom is, “having a chip on your shoulder." That means you think you're better than everyone else (not that you actually have a chip of something on your shoulder).
Clichés are often idioms. This makes clichés difficult to translate into other languages because their meaning won't always be understood by people from different cultures.
Idioms are either opaque or transparent:
- Opaque - When you translate an opaque idiom, it may not make sense because the literal meaning has very little to do with the intended meaning. An example of an opaque idiom is “bag of bones” which means someone is very underweight.
- Transparent - A transparent idiom shows some similarity between the literal and the intended meaning. For example, “playing your cards right” is an expression that actually came from card games and can be applied to other situations.
As a brief phrase that implies a lot an idiom can become a cliché if it's used often enough, such as “it’s raining cats and dogs.” Its meaning will catch on and propel itself forward, much like any other cliché we use today.
Have Fun with Clichés
In the end, try to have some fun with clichés. They are easily recognized and understood, but use them sparingly. The first conclusion people jump to when they read too many clichés is that the writer is unoriginal. While that may not true, you don't want to set yourself up to be knocked down.
You might have a great cliché in mind because its meaning rings true for you, such as, "time heals all wound." If that's an idea you want to work with, try to find your own, unique way of conveying that meaning without recycling words that've been used million times over.